JUPITER' s Gallery

2017 opposition (will occur on April 7)

A great moment on Jupiter :

20170420 ... Complete Astromovie of the Transit of Io and the GRS !

Note : wait until file is first loaded in memory then it will run at 15 FPS !

For even better quality view or download
Lossless (LAGS = Lagarith codec needed on your PC) (26 MB)
XVID (1.7 MB)
MOV (350 kB)

This animation spans on an exceptionally long time at least for me ...
About 5 hours for more than 100 GB of videos !

Technical data :
Location : Jerusalem, Israel (Lat +31° 43, Alt 800 m)
Date / Time : From 22h55 to 04h02 UTC+3
Weather : clear sky, good seeing (until Jupiter going to set !) in dry air.

Optics : Meade 10 Classic on tripod with equatorial mount + Antares 1.6x 2 Barlow (resulting FL 4000mm).
Camera : Color RGB, ZWO ASI 224MC

Jupiter :
Europa visible at left on first image

Captures : FireCapture v2.5
Autorun session with 30s capture then 60 s wait, etc ...
Frames captured per movie : 2000 (kept for stack 90%)
File type=SER
FPS (avg.)=66
Gain=241 (40%)

- Processing :
AS!3 (Autostakkert!3)
RegiStax5 (alignment with CG with 521x512 square), saving as registered movie (LAGS)
VirtualDub (HSV adjust (saturation), rotate2, contrast 125%)
Gif conversion : PIPP
(Note : Published on spaceweather.com using the strongest lossy compression and size reduction


3D reconstruction of two couples ...
The whole reconstruction would take a day of work ... not the time for this now !
Presentation : 3D crossed - eyes ...


Bottom image : A couple of images extracted from the early transit session (local times : 230043 & 231251)
before the shadow of Io appears on the disk of the planet because when this happens mounting in 3D shows the shadow also in front, outside of Jupiter !

Top image : A couple of images extracted from the late transit session (local times UT+3 : 004631 & 010138).
Here in 3D the shadow of Io appears on the surface of Jupiter because it has been cloned at the same place of Jupiter surface
from one image to the other using the clone brush of StereoPhoto Maker !




A large field of view showing the planet and 4 satellites


I used my Meade 10 Classic + 1.6x barlow and the camera was the Sony A7s in Full Frame mode.
30 ARW (Sony RAWs) pictures (1/40s, ISO 2000) were taken in a row within a few seconds.
They were converted to TIFF with Sony RAW converter.
Alignment and processing was done in RegiStax6.
The picture have been enlightened with gamma but the 4 aligned satellites have kept their relative brightness.
Only Jupiter using the R6 Gamma-Mask function has not been modified.
The name of the satellites are visible in the accompanying image captured from Stellarium ...
Note that Callisto (bottom left) is very dim and hard to see ! Dont forget to click on 30% size image to have it full !



2012 opposition ...

Jupiter 3D with Europa.
Published by spaceweather.com

LX200 12" F=15000 mm
Canon EOS 1100D in movie mode
Barlow Powermate 5x
Aligned RegiStax6 Stereo 3D with SPM
Selection of 3D vision mode, from top to bottom : Parallel, Crossed
One is in cross-eyed vision, the other one is in parallel vision. Jupiter is seen like a ball and Europa is within a couple of minutes from being eclipsed behind the planet...
Images stack of about 1 min movies.
Temporal base ~8 min (00:04 & 00:12 UT)

Sometimes the sky is clear or almost but there is a lot of wind. During this imaging session it was blowing at 65 Km/h !
I wanted to use the simplest setup as possible on my Meade 12 LX200. I then used a Powermate 5x and a Canon EOS 1100D in movie mode.
Jupiter was about 1/5 of the FOV then stayed visible even under the strong gusts of wind ...
The about 1 min long .MOV were converted to .AVI with NCH Prism and lightly cropped in VirtualDub and save with lossless LAGS codec.
Registax6 was then used for alignment, stacking and enhancement.
Two images of about 10 min spatial base were processed in SPM (Stereophoto Maker) to make those 3D-couples.

Jupiter 3D with Io.

LX200 12" F=7500mm
DBK 1/4" color camera
Barlow Powermate 2.5x
Aligned RegiStax6 Stereo 3D with SPM
Selection of 3D vision mode, from top to bottom : Parallel, Crossed, Anaglyph

Upper 3D image stack of 500 frm mild processing, lower 3D image stack of 2000 frm more intense processing

Jupiter is ~10 larger (diameter) than the Earth and Io 3.5 smaller
Temporal base 10 min (21h40 & 21h50 UT)
.SER of 1 min à 60 fps in Y800 mono RAW



2012/12/05 23:08
LX200 12"
DBK 1/4" color camera
Barlow Powermate 4x
Aligned with Autostakkert2 & processed with RegiStax6 (other to follow)

2012/11/09 01:23 and with IO emerging 03:20 UT
LX200 12"
DBK 1/4"
Barlow powermate 2.5x
1400 and 600 frames
Aligned with Autostakkert2 & processed with RegiStax6

2011 opposition ...

I had a rare night on Sep 24, 2011 ! The seeing was very good at my location ...
I decided to use two cameras to optimize the work in order to get an LRGB (or here R-RGB) image
and to keep things more simple than usually when working with RGB filters.
As my main PC is on Win7x64, my Toucam is not recognized then I used 2 PCs with huge hard disk space.

Settings :
LX200 12" GPS + 4x 2" Powermate + flip miror
Moded DMK 21AF04.AS (Firewire, B&W 618ALA 640x480 CCD sensor) + R25 filter (@ 30 or 60 fps) on i7 950 (WIn7x64) PC
Firmware optimized Toucam Pro (USB1, color 640x480 CCD sensor) + IRcut filter (@ 10 fps) on EEEPC (XP 32)

Both cameras on the flip miror are manually aligned in rotation using 2 satellites of Jupiter visible in the same FOV
and the border of the PCs screens as angle reference. Also they are both focused on infinity.

To avoid any mistakes and as disk space is not a problem, the captures are running all the time on both PCs then
I just have to change the flip miror position every minute without doing anything on the PCs ... cool !

Then LRGB acquisition is about 2 (up to 3 if seeing not very good) min long. The AVI are just limited to 20 000 frames for practical reasons ...
this means about 6 (B&W or color) captures per long movie ...
Each long movie contains alternative sequences of black signal (dark) and Jupiter and is easily cut with VirtualDub into
individual sequence saved using HuffYUV multithread compatible RegiStax6 & Win7x64.
Note : when you save one sequence, don't forget to update the date/time taking into account the times from start shown at the bottom of VD !

More details on the structure of the recorded AVIs :

Legend :

S start, E end of movie,
=== sequence with visible Jupiter (B&W)
+++ sequence with visible Jupiter (color)
... empty sequence
1-6 number of the Jupiter sequences

One original N&B movie is then like :
One original color movie is like :

After cutting, processing will be with pairs of AVIs :
===1 & +++1 for the first LRGB image then ===2 & +++2 for the 2nd one, etc.

Processing is done as usual with RegiStax6 and eventually finished in Irfanview (cropping...).

2010 opposition ...

Latest developments using a Canon with liveview and Registax batch mode :

The full visible rotation of the GRS has been capture at 22 fps during about 4h30. EOSMovrec saved 96Gb of compressed data (381 000 frames). Cut into 1000 frm (45sec) segments for Registax to batch process all !

More development is needed in Registax at the Batch level to be able to batch all the commands of the WV page. When this will be done, the 381 frame animation below will have instead of what I get actually, the quality of the middle still image without the artifacts !

left animation of the stacked images and light enhancement in VirtualDub, middle nice manual processing one one AVi, right WV processing of animation.


Above Jupiter and Io in grey tones, LX20012" 3x barlow-Toucam pro II B&W-R25 filter+IRcut-10fps
Registax infos : ST1202_WSD_WVX_78_1000_10_10_10_CB60_20

3D view of Jupiter on the same night (left // vision & right cross-eyed vision)

Double transit (Europa then Io) on Jupiter and double solar eclipse !
It is interesting to think that if we could fly in the jovian clouds at the shadow's level, we would assist to a total solar eclipse
Here the shadow of Io (mg 5.2) fly and catches Europa's one (Mg 5.5)

Length of phenomenon is about 4 heures from 22/03/2004 22:42:00 until 23/03/2004 02:28:31 UT
Visual acceleration = 600x

The quality of the show had to suffer from light clouds passing above my location
rendering some steps noisy and out of focus because of the more or less complete lost of signal on a few adjacent images.

Meade Lx200 254 & 2x Barlow ,
Acquisition with AstrosnapProV2 (beta tests) using the following functionalities
my new technic better described  here) :
Every 5 min, 90s - then about 40 images - have been append automatically to the AVI by the sequencer
(Every 5min, save every 20 images, during 90s).
Each individual image individuelle has its precise timing in a separate parameter file.

Each "raw" image is the result of an intégration of 20 frames being registered live (FIFO) this coordinated with the "software guiding" function working in limits detection mode,
which is the adaptativ optic (or the AO7) of the poor fellow astronomer  !

This transit AVI is 1871 images long made with 37420 real frames !
Nevertheless, disk space used (even in uncompressed mode) is only 750Mo
instead of the 15Go expected with usaul technics !

Humidity 54% T3.0°C and even with the 30cm foam due shield, the hair dryer had to be used every 20 min !

TUCIIPro, exposure : 1/33s gain ~85%
lum 50 gamma 50 saturation 100
10 fps, flux mode
Video resolution : 640 x 480 pixels
Image size  (only part of full image is saved) : 432 x 324 pixels (Xvid Ok)
Integration levels : low 8, High : 4394

No filter used as the WB is easy to manipulate with this webcam (and use of reflector)

Each sequence of 40 images, after finding it in AVI, has been registred with Registax2 (use of "show frames").
Please note that with 40 images (instead of normally 800) makes an extremely fast "registration/optimisation until 1%"
Resulting BMPs have been cleaned in PSP, a new AVI, resized 50% has been done with VirtualDub and GIF animation  with PSP-Animator 



Sep 15, 2000   4h12 UT, T 6°C, good seeing
SCT Black Celestron 8" on SP-DX mount, 3x Televue Barlow, Philips Vesta Pro Webcam
186 images combined from a 62 sec Avi

You can see the shadow of Io near the GRS and Europe on the right

Jupiter satellites show a small disk

with a webcam  and a Celestron 8" !

Jupiter & satellites,
Feb 1, 2001 193356-193456UT
2x apo Barlow Meade serie4000
ToUCam Pro in 640*480 mode
(low gain, high gamma, high luminosity)
Very good seeing

First the untreated combinaison of 277 original frames,
Io is on the left and Ganymede on the right


Now the combined image only modified about
gamma, contrast, luminosity & colors
You can see the sharpness on Jupiter
during this night of best seeing
(satellites, to dark are not visible anymore)


Here is a composition with Jupiter and

Io & Ganymede resized 400%

The only processing necessary to see all the details is a simple unsharp mask 2 300 in PSP6



                        IO (x4)



You can download an untreated cropped movie of Ganymede right

to make you own mind about thoses unbelievable results !
(Zipped AVI of 58 Ko)

In order to know a little more if thoses satellites "details" are only accentuated noise or not,
I suggest you study the following images :

On the left, 5 unprocessed pictures taken from the original AVI,
at 100% original size (tiny balls) and 400% (big ones) 

On the right, the same images after increasing contrast and luminosity only
but without any inter pixel calculation


Of course the effect of the light turbulence is visible but I think there is something
more than pure noise which appears even in the very tiny Ganymede dots

Voici maintenant un petit traitement pas du tout alambiqué utilisé pour mettre
en évidence les "détails" à partir de 48 images brutes redimmensionnées à 400%
sélectionnées pour la faible dispersion du disque de Ganymede sur l'image,
donc de la plus faible turbulence obtenue ce soir là :

At last, the next images show the progression of a very simple and classic processing
to make the "details" better seen. 48 raw images have been used,
selected for their low dispersion (lowest turbulence on that night) and resized to 400%

(As french text was put in the picture, the translation is :
48 raw images combined / Unsharp masp 3 500 in PSP6 / Gauss 1.5 / Luminosity-contrast)

          As you can see in the lowest image, it is a little more red on the bottom and blue on the top.
This is corrected by realigning the color planes as done in the picture at the top of the page.

That's it ! I can not analyse any further thoses pionnier images.
Comments have been various & contradictory !
I hope more of them done by others and myself will lift up any doubt in the future.

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SSep 4, 2000
SCT Black Celestron 8" on SP-DX mount, Philips Vesta Pro Webcam
You can see the four galileen satellites and two "H" stars behind,
Jupiter seems to control six satellites !

Satellites animation

Details later ...

Softwares used for processing :

Avi2bmp, http://avi2bmp.free.fr (Emmanuel Depigny),

AVIEDIT, http://milukov.webjump.com/ (Alexander Milukov).

& Paint Shop Pro 6

Texts and images of this web site all Copyright S. Weiller, 1999-2011

Permission granted  to copy them only for non commercial use